While buyers extend payment terms to their suppliers, suppliers often have limited access to short-term financing and therefore higher financial costs. This transfer of costs to suppliers results in a financially unstable and riskier supply base. Overall, the baseline report showed that companies should follow three key areas for improvement: funding for the CFSM; GSCF technology GSCF visibility. While buyers have traditionally focused on the rise of their 20 or 50 largest suppliers, technology-based solutions now allow companies to offer financing to hundreds of thousands or even tens of thousands of suppliers. This is possible through the provision of user-friendly platforms and optimized supplier boarding processes that facilitate the boarding of a large number of suppliers quickly and with minimal effort. First, the buyer will enter into an agreement with a financial services provider in the supply chain and then invite their suppliers to join the program. Some supply chain financing programs are funded by a single bank or financial services provider, while others are implemented by technology specialists using a special multi-fund platform. Supply Chain Finance (SCF) is an important and growing industry. In 2015, a mcKinsey report indicated that CWS had a potential of $20 billion in global revenue, while China`s supply chain financial sector was estimated at $2.27 trillion by 2020 in 2017. In addition, a 2017 ICC survey identified CWS among banks in 98 different countries as the main area of development and strategic direction over the next 12 months. As you can see, the physical supply chain is the flow of goods and services to the end customer.
While the financial supply chain is the customer`s money flow to the supplier chain. In recent years, however, there has been a resolute and lasting global abandonment of these known mechanisms, based on the preferences of importers and exporters, to trade under “open account” conditions, with goods being shipped and delivered before payment expires. In 2016, SWIFT`s total trade finance volume decreased by 4.72%. Although the supply chain has seen strong demand growth, financial institutions are focusing primarily on the large buyer side of the business equation. Since structured financing has traditionally been developed and made available to large international commercial enterprises by banks, it does not use common foundations. For supply chain financing to accelerate on a large scale, it is necessary to give new impetus. A “tipping point” could easily be reached by responding to the following challenges. Supply chain financing, often referred to as “supplier financing” or “reverse factoring,” fosters cooperation between buyers and sellers. This is the philosophical opposite of the competition dynamics that generally develop between these two parties. Finally, in traditional circumstances, buyers try to delay payment, while sellers must be paid as quickly as possible. 5.) There is a desire to ensure capital stability as supply chains expand.
Another Asian financial crisis (such as the 1997 one) would seriously disrupt the supply chains of U.S. buyers by not capitalizing their suppliers. As global supply chains expand around the world, with multinational buyers and a diverse group of suppliers in many countries, companies are under pressure to free up the labor capital captured in their supply chains.