The sole purpose of the withdrawal agreement is to reduce in an orderly manner cooperation based on the UK`s accession to the EU. Future relations between the EU and the UK must be renegotiated separately in each policy area. A transitional period will apply between withdrawal and the future relationship in which a new relationship will be negotiated. The transitional period provisions are set by Articles 126-132 of the Withdrawal Agreement. After an unprecedented vote on 4 December 2018, MEPs ruled that the UK government was not respecting Parliament because it refused to give Parliament full legal advice on the consequences of its proposed withdrawal terms.  The focus of the consultation was on the legal effect of the “backstop” agreement on Northern Ireland, the Republic of Ireland and the rest of the United Kingdom with regard to the CUSTOMS border between the EU and the United Kingdom and its consequences on the Good Friday agreement that ended the unrest in Northern Ireland, including whether the United Kingdom would be insured , in line with the proposals, to be able to leave the EU in a practical sense. The UK has launched the formal process of withdrawal negotiations by formally announcing the European Council`s intention to leave the EU. At the end of the transition period, there will be two possible outcomes: the 30-page political declaration outlines a longer-term agreement between the UK and the EU. Negotiations are ongoing and the UK wants to reach an agreement by 15 October 2020.
The transition period is not extended. The United Kingdom has stated that it does not want an extension. The option of an extension was included in the withdrawal agreement. The UK and the EU have had until 1 July 2020 to agree on a possible extension. The transition period ends in accordance with the withdrawal agreement. The deadline for extending the transition period has now passed. The 599-page withdrawal agreement covers the following key areas:  In addition to negotiating a trade agreement between the UK and the EU, the transition will also allow the UK to conduct formal trade negotiations with other countries, such as the US and Australia. Once these transactions are completed and completed on time, they could also take effect at the end of the transition period.
During the transition, the UK remains in both the EU customs union and the internal market. It remains to be seen whether an agreement can be reached during the transition period, but the possibility of a “non-deal” Brexit remains, with the countdown continuing until 31 December 2020. The United Kingdom triggers Article 50. This means that negotiations on the UK`s withdrawal from the EU can begin. The EU and the UK have two years to reach an agreement. The European Union and the United Kingdom have reached a draft withdrawal agreement. The agreement supports the terms of the UK`s withdrawal from the European Union and Euratom (Article 1), clearly defines the territorial scope of the United Kingdom (Article 3) and ensures legal responsibility for the agreement (Article 4). In addition, until the end of the transitional period, the United Kingdom will be denied access to “any network, information system and database based on EU law” (Article 8). Despite the UK`s withdrawal, current EU rules will continue to apply during the transitional period.